Britain’s Secret Biological Weapons Trials During the Second World War


Britain’s Secret Biological Weapons Trials During the Second World War

 

 

 

 

 

10 February 2020

Are you aware that British scientists experimented to produce ways of spreading foot-and-mouth disease and various lethal infections such as dysentery, cholera and typhoid in secret biological warfare trials during the Second World War?

One of the main protagonist’s in this toxic science was a man named Sir Paul Gordon Fildes, a madman given absolute power at Porton Down. Fildes along with American and Japanese counterparts did concoct some serious noxious chemistry which they tested on the hapless populations in order the 1945 launch of the National Health Service had many customers. From that platform the introduction of chemistry into the human body became an acceptable and essential need by the war torn populations, why? because they were told it was so..

How can we compare a 1945 war torn population with today? Well… a lot easier than you obviously think, coming in the fact, the war came home and has waged itself against you and your offspring every day, every year and with seriously more advanced delivery methods than they enjoyed in 1945. Today we are a war torn population yet to witness the move to the final act.

Files released from the War Cabinet committee to the National Archives back in 2010 gave an extensive list of contagious chemistry and plagues that could be turned into weapons of mass destruction against the populations. Of itself this presents a separation of the military and the nation with the military taking upon itself authority over the nation. The military is an instrument of the Crown.

The then government, which operated according to the dictate of the War cabinet Committee, was known to have produced five million anthrax-filled cakes to infect the cattle in Germany during the war, the latest to be released documents show research was carried out into a bigger variety of diseases, mostly carried out at Porton Down, near Salisbury, and Pirbright in Surrey.

Experts reported to the War Cabinet’s Porton experiments sub-committee, which acknowledged that bacteriological warfare was outlawed by the 1925 Geneva protocol. The minutes released, are labelled secret and to be kept under lock and key. One session on Toxin X thought to be botulinum, was so sensitive the minute record was not to be circulated.

An interim report back in January 1941 said :
The diseases considered most likely to be effective in bacteriological warfare are :

Human diseases : enteric group (typhoid and para-typhoid), dysentery and cholera.

Animal diseases : included anthrax, foot-and-mouth, rinderpest, glanders, and swine fever. Anthrax and glanders also affect humans under conditions favourable for infection.

Biological warfare was not thought likely to achieve a decisive effect, but might cause grave embarrassment at a critical stage in the conflict, the report said. Preparation was required both to defend against such attacks by the enemy and as a “means of retaliation. The enemy today are the populations.

The study discussed whether retaliation should be limited only to diseases or infections, first used by the Nazis in Germany. It is determined by assumption that retaliation would be made simultaneously and on a maximum scale with all the means at our disposal.

Human diseases, it was said, could be introduced into “enemy territory only by saboteurs” – for example at restaurant food counters. That would make it very difficult to achieve on a scale sufficient to produce serious effects.

Attempts to infect reservoirs from the air would “necessitate large quantities of material and would probably be defeated by the chlorination of water supplies”, it said. Some animal diseases – “anthrax, foot-and-mouth and rinderpest”, the report added, “could be distributed [by spraying] on pasture land from aircraft.”

Today they have the ability to mass distribute the chemistry, and they do, through the method known as geoengineering.

By February 1941 work had been carried out to fit streamlined steel containers to the bomb bays of Wellington and Blenheim bombers. Estimates of the time needed to prepare retaliatory measures in each disease were set out. Only small quantities of typhoid, dysentery and cholera would be required, it advised, and experiments were being made into methods for use.

Infective anthrax spores could be produced in large numbers at a few days’ notice, three strains of foot-and-mouth virus were available but a three-week “reactivation” period was needed. Supplies of rinderpest – or cattle plague – had to be obtained from Africa and a new isolation station built. Large batches of glanders – a bacterial infection – could be made up in two weeks. Experiments were being conducted on swine fever.

The sub-committee recommended that research into human and animal diseases continue. Scientists at Pirbright found their cows were unco-operative with attempts to poison them with cattle feed cakes containing infections or ground glass dropped from the air. “Observations have shown that cattle are rather suspicious of any new type of food.” The virulence of stored foot-and-mouth disease also tended to decline rapidly, it was discovered. Experiments on “keeping the properties of the virus when filled into cakes” were ordered. Pirbright was the government research station whose leaking drains in 2007 triggered a foot-and-mouth outbreak across Surrey.

By November 1941 anthrax-filled cakes were emerging as the favoured, practical means for “taking offensive action”.

The committee justified the research on the basis of defensive necessity. “This sub-committee was set up in 1936 because of reports that Germany was exploring the field,” one minute recorded.
“Work started in Porton Down in 1940, directed almost entirely to the exploration of offensive possibilities in order to supply evidence on which defensive action can be taken and on which means of retaliation could be based if authorised.”

Dr Brian Balmer, of University College London, who is the author of Britain and Biological Warfare, Expert Advice and Science Policy 1930-65, said the newly released material provided fresh insights into the UK’s wartime biological programme. “We have not seen such a detailed list before.” He added : “The process (at Porton Down) most likely involved starting with a list of likely sources for infections and then finding that some are difficult to aerosolise or are unstable or are otherwise unsuitable for weaponisation.”

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