1 May 2023
The British Empire rules over western nations through agreements made with each other.
do· min· ion də-ˈmi-nyən
Synonyms of dominion
law : supreme authority : SOVEREIGNTY
having dominion over the natural world
dominions plural, Christianity : an order of angels
see CELESTIAL HIERARCHY
often capitalised government : a self-governing nation of the Commonwealth of Nations other than the United Kingdom that acknowledges the British monarch as chief of state
law : absolute ownership.
The Scottish deception :
23. Similarly Erskine (writing before 1768) acknowledges Parliamentary sovereignty as a general principle (Institutes, I, 1, 19 and I, 3, 8), but at the same time says this—
- “it must be observed, that nothwithstanding the Treaty of Union in 1707, by which the kingdoms of England and Scotland were made one nation, under one king and one parliament, all the laws of Scotland concerning private right, whether statutory or customary, are reserved entire, not to suffer any alteration, but for the evident utility of the subject.” (Institutes, I, 1, 4).
Reading that this commentary on the oath suggests England is no more but Scotland is still going strong although the footnote states it was the two parliaments that were abolished.
The state is not the land or the realm; deception runs deeply and deliberately.
The replacement of England with Great Britain in the oath is the natural consequence of Article I of both Acts of Union that the two kingdoms of England and Scotland be ever after united. England, as a sovereign state, ceased to exist. This looks very much like an instance of implied amendment, as described in Bennion on Statutory Interpretation.
In English jurisprudence, the union has been regarded as having abolished the parliaments of England and Scotland and having created a Parliament of Great Britain with supreme authority to legislate for the new, united, kingdom. See, for example, A Dicey and R Rait, Thoughts on the Union between England and Scotland(London, 1920), esp pp v–vi. In Scotland meanwhile, even while doubting whether the Parliament of Great Britain was fully sovereign, the Lord President’s famous judgment in MacCormick v Lord Advocate 1953 SC 396 acknowledges that the Treaty of Union ‘extinguished’ the parliaments of England and Scotland.
Ever wondered where the phrase “… of the Britains” came from as it wasn’t used prior to 1953?
Scotland (intactus) still has it’s own great seal; the word “england” seems to be randomly used to refer to GB etc.
- Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the Britains and her other realms, Queen, Head of the Commonwealth of Nations, Defender of the Faith
- Charles III, by the Grace of God, of the Britains and his other realms, King, Head of the Commonwealth of Nations, Defender of the Faith.
5 Shillings – Elizabeth II (Coronation) – United Kingdom – Numista
Unabridged legend: Elizabeth II Dei Gratia Britanniarum Omnium Regina Fidei Defensor
Translation: Elizabeth the Second by the Grace of God Queen of all the Britains Defender of the Faith
The great seals of England : from the earliest period to the present … – Full View | HathiTrust Digital Library
Great Britain Coin Inscriptions and Their Meanings, James, Charles I & Charles II
The legend on the obverse reads IACOBUS D G MA BRI FRA ET HI REX(Iacobus Dei Gratia Magnae Britanniae Franciae et Hiberniae Rex) – James by the grace of God King of Great Britain France and Ireland. The reverse shows a crowned shieldwhich shows the arms of the four countries separating the letters IR – Iacobus Rex, King James, and the legend FACIAM EOS IN GENTEM UNAM (“I will make them one nation”, from Ezekiel 37:22).
Unite (English coin) – Wikipedia
James I – The First King of Great Britain | The Royal Mint
Great Britain 1604 – ancient Lawes of both Kingdomes inc. tenant for life
doesn’t make clear who those “skilful in the Lawes of this land” are or what “this Realme” refers to, never mind on whose authority ( … do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law??) but suspect it’s a reference to England!
…upon our Succession, divers of the ancient Lawes of this Realme are Ipso facto expired
Royal Arms, Styles, and Titles of Great Britain
“…We have received from those that be skilfull in the Lawes of this Land, That immediatly upon our Succession, divers of the ancient Lawes of this Realme are Ipso facto expired, As namely, that of Escuage, and of the Naturalization of the Subjects, And that there is a greater affinitie and concurrence betweene most of the ancient Lawes of both Kingdomes, then is to be found betweene those of any other two Nations, As namely, in states of Inheritance and Freehold, as Fee-simple, Fee-taile, Tenant for life, by Courtesie, Dower, and such like, In cases of descents of Inheritance, In Tenures of Lands, as of Knights service, Socage, Franke Almoigne, Burgage, Villenage, and such like, In Writts and formes of Processe, In cases of Triall by juries, Grand juries…”
“The style of king of Great Britain was used by James I on his seal as king of England as well as his seals as king of Scotland (but with different arms on each seal: “quarterly 1 and 4 England, 2 Scotland, 3 Ireland” for the English seal; “quarterly 1 and 4 Scotland, 2 England, 3 Ireland” for the Scottish seal). Likewise, coins of James I (and all Stuart kings) used that style (the Scottish coins used the Scottish arms after a decision of the Privy Council of 7 Dec 1609; see Burns 1887, 2:425). Charles I used the same style on his first English seal of 1625, then reverted to “king of England, France and Ireland” on his second seal of 1627, and then back to “Great Britain” on his third seal of 1640. His English and Scottish coins both use “Great Britain” (see, for example, this Oxford crown at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, whose legend reads “Carolus D[ei] G[ratia] Mag[nae] Brit[anniae] Fran[ciae] et Hiber[niae] Rex”), even as, like the seals, they display different coats of arms (see for example a 30 shilling coin whose reverse shows the Scottish arms in quarters 1 and 4, the English arms in quarter 2). Charles II and James II both styled themselves kings of Great Britain on their seals and coins.”
Sir William Blackstone differentiates between “absolute rights” of individuals (natural rights which exist prior to the state) and social rights (contractural rights which evolve later) (1753)
government exists principally to protect and enforce the absolute or natural rights of individuals which exist prior to the formation of the state:
Absolute Rights of Individuals – LONANG Institute
Status of native born Britons
“people… could (voluntarily) register”, “bipartisan ideological commitment”, “attempt to avoid decolonisation” (the undoing of colonialism, the latter being the process whereby imperial nations establish and dominate foreign territories, often overseas).
thought these may be of interest, especially in view of the interchangeability of the terms Britains, Britons, British (but never English).
11.1 What was denization?
Denization was a legal process granting limited naturalisation to aliens. It granted a foreign national almost equivalent status of native-born Britons and provided them the protection of the law.
6. Registrations of British nationality, 1949-1981
The British Nationality Act 1948 created the new status of citizen of the United Kingdom and the colonies. Under this act, people from former colonies and British Commonwealth countries could register as British citizens.
Territorial extent: British Empire
“Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies” (CUKC) as the sole national citizenship of the United Kingdom and all of its colonies.
The CUKC consolidated British citizenship by putting Britain’s colonial subjects on equal footing with those living in the British Isles, and was likely an attempt to avoid decolonisation. Similar legislation was passed in most of the other Commonwealth countries. The Act was largely the result of a bipartisan ideological commitment to “a definition of citizenship including Britons…
Military (out) post? Great Seal of the Britains
Looks like a military term think george V also used the same.
wonder how many “Britains” (plural) there are; must mean land mass / territory otherwise would say Britons.
The Comes Britanniarum (Latin for “Count of the Britains“) was a military post in Roman Britain with command over the mobile field army from the mid-4th century onwards. It is listed in the List of Offices as being one of the three commands in Britain, along with the Dux Britanniarum and the Comes litoris Saxonici.
following on from the roman military term, “of the Britains” found this; see embedded copies of proclamations in linked article.
Penny morduant’s outfit looked very roman too; alleged to be decorated with fern leaves but suggested laurel.
Sadly, the whole show seemed cheap & tacky, some robes looked as if they’d been made in PRC etc. it all just lacked something meaningful as though it didn’t even know what the point of it was; perhaps a result of trying to be (oxymoron) trendily traditional?
History of the Union Flag | UK Flags | The Flag Institute